Our Reading Room

“Research is formalized curiosity. It is poking and prying with a purpose.” – Zora Neale Hurston

Our awesome research team searched everywhere to find anything about Newtown and Overtown’s history. For too long, the story was available in fragments. Volunteers and experts found over 400 primary and secondary source documents (an underestimate if photos are included). Additional information is streaming in since the project began. Check out our partial reading list. The full list can be found in the bibliography of the Newtown Conservation Historic District report


“A Brief Historical Account of Early Benevolent Societies.”

“A Century to Remember: Bob Kendrick, NLBM and Buck O’Neil.” KCPT, Kansas City PBS. 2013.

“Africans in America: Religion and Slavery.”

Anderson, Chris. “Finally forgiven: The Howard Porter story.” Newtown 100. Herald-Tribune.

Andrus, Patrick W. National Register Bulletin 15: “How to Apply the National Register Criteria for Evaluation.” Washington D.C., U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1990, Revised, 1991, 1995, 1997, 2001 and 2002.

Baram, Uzi. “Learning Service and Civic Engagement.” In Michael S. Nassaney and Mary Ann Levine. Archaeology and Community Service Learning. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. 2009.

Beardsley, Howie. “Sarasota-Bradenton Nine Devils Special to Manager Robinson.” Herald-Tribune, June 22, 1983.,1172267&hl=en

“Bee Ridge Turpentine Camp.”

“Biocultural Dimensions of Human Health and Illness.”

Black, Hope. “Zora Neale Hurston: Studies in Anthropology.” Unpublished paper. March 9, 2005.

Black, Hope. Mounted on a Pedestal: Bertha Honore Palmer. MA thesis. University of South Florida, 2007.

“Booker High School.” (Sarasota, Florida)

“Booker School.”

“Briefs from Barwin.” May 27, 2016.

Brown, Canter Jr.  “The Sarrazota or Runaway Negro Plantations;” Tampa Bay’s First Black Community 1812-1821. Tampa Bay History, Vol 12 No. 2, 1990, 5-29.

Bryan, Jami. “Fighting for Respect:  African-American Soldiers in WWI.”

Managing Editor, On Point. An Army Historical Foundation publication.

Burns, Susan. “The Boycott.” Sarasota, June 1999.

Byrd, William Allan Jr.  A Survey And Analysis of School Problems Associated with the Desegregation of Florida High Schools—1962-1966. Diss. College of Education. University of Miami: 1969.

Caldez, Jose Maria and Joaquin Caldez. Land grant applications, Spanish Land Grants (Unconfirmed Grants, 1828), film file 2.1. (Microfilm available at John German Public Library Special Collections Department, (Tampa), Florida A & M University, Tallahassee and Tampa Public Library).

“Caples Convinced Ringlings to Come to Sarasota.”

Carr, Madeline Hirsiger. Denying hegemony: The function and place of Florida’s jook joints during the twentieth century’s first fifty years. Dissertation. Florida State University, 2002.

Cave, Damien. “In a Town Apart, the Pride and Trials of Black Life.” The New York Times. September 28, 2008.

“Celebrating 50 years of integration at the University of Florida.” University of Florida. September 15, 2008.

“The Celery Fields: Past, Present and Future.” (Sarasota Audubon Society)

Celery Fields History Panel: Cultural Resource Center (CRC) NSPL

“Celery Production in Florida.”

“Celery Fields.”

Sarasota Audubon Society: Economic Impact.

“The Celery Fields.”

City of Sarasota, Florida, Code of Ordinances, Division 8 – Section IV-806, Designation Standards for Review, 2002, Revised 2008.

“Civil Rights 101: Voting Rights.”

“Civil rights pioneer led era of change in Sarasota.”

Clark, Maggie and Billy Cox. “New Clinic will target adults.” Herald-Tribune. December 8, 2015.

Cleary, Joe. “Sarasota History of Turpentine and Pine Woods.” Search For Sarasota Homes Blog.


Constitutional Rights Foundation. “Race and Voting in the Segregated South.”

Cummings, Ian. “Looking back, and ahead.” Herald-Tribune. April 17, 2014.

Cummings, Ian. “Caravans to Lido broke beach barrier.” Herald-Tribune. July 13, 2014.

Cummings, Ian. “Leading the way before civil rights era.” Herald-Tribune, February 1, 2015.

Daniel, Pete. The Shadow of Slavery: Peonage in the South 1901-1969. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1972.

DeGruy, Joy. Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome. Joy DeGruy Publications. 2005.

DuBois, W.E.B. [1935] 1969. Accessed on website:

Eckhart, Robert. “Remembering a Newtown that taught character.” Herald-Tribune, February 21, 2011.

“Economic Impacts of Historic Preservation in Florida – Executive Summary.” Tallahassee, Florida, State of Florida, Department of State, Division of Historical Resources, 2003.

Elder, Amy A. Sarasota: 1940-2005 Images of America. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2005.

“First Black Community.”

“Forgotten Chapter of History.”

“For Sarasota fraternity, an anniversary and an evolution.”

Gardner, Andrew. “Agency.”  In R. Alexander Bentley, Herbert D.G. Maschner, and Christopher Chippindale eds. Handbook of Archaeological Theories. Lanham, MD: Altamira Press, 2009.

“The Giving Partner: Partner’s roles in Grade Level Reading.”

Gorman, Juliet. 2001. “What is a jook joint and what is its history.”

“Grand Lodge Knights of Pythias.”

“Green and Carter Inducted Into Riverview Hall of Fame.” Tempo News. September 3-9, 2015, 1.

Grismer, Karl H. The Story of Sarasota- The History of the City and County of Sarasota, Florida.  Sarasota, FL: M.E. Russell, 1st Ed., 1946.

Handelman, Jay. “A More Colorful Sarasota Theater Scene.”

“The History of Bethlehem Baptist Church 1876-1997.” Church Archives.

“History of the Newtown Community.”

“Horizons Unlimited Christian Academy: Mission.”

Howard, Rosalyn. “Looking For Angola”: Public Anthropology and the Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Search for a Nineteenth Century Florida Maroon Community and its Circum-Caribbean Connections. Florida Historical Quarterly, 2013.

Howard, Rosalyn. “Black Towns of the Seminole Indians. In Poynor, R. ed. Africa in Florida: Detangling Diasporas in World Culture. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2012.

Hughes, Dan. “A Look Back. “The History of Florida Turpentine Camps.” Herald-Tribune. Monday, March 1, 2004.

Hurston, Zora Neale. “Characteristics of Negro Expression.” 1934.

Ifill, Sherrilyn. On the Courthouse Lawn: Confronting the Legacy of Lynching in the Twenty-First Century. Boston: Beacon Press, 2007.

James v. City of Sarasota, Fla., 611 F. Supp. 25 (M.D. Fla. 1985).

“Jim Crow and the Great Migration.” (

“John Hamilton Gillespie.”

Johnson, B.J. “The Village as I Knew It: 1950 —.”  Unpublished Essay. 2013.

“Knights of Pythias.”

LaHurd, Jeff. “Early African American Settlers.” Herald-Tribune. April 16, 2014.

LaHurd, Jeff.  Sarasota: A History. Arcadia Publishing, 2006.

LaHurd, Jeff. “1920s was time of racial strife in Sarasota.” Herald-Tribune, July 28, 2014.

Last, Walter, “Kerosene and Turpentine – Universal Healer.”–HEALER%20COMPLETE.htm;

LeCoz, Emily. “Sarasota Memorial to open clinic in Newtown.”


“Leonard Reid Family House.”

Levey-Baker, Cooper. “Rosemary Rising.” 941CEO, Real Estate.  September 4, 2015.

Little, Barbara J. and Paul A. Shackel. Archaeology and Community Service Learning. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. 2014.

“Looking Back and Ahead.”

Lopez, Yadira. “Saving and celebrating Newtown’s stories.” Herald-Tribune. Friday, September 25, 2015.

Mannix, Vin. “Bradenton’s first baseball heroes: Nine Devils to be Honored.” Bradenton Herald. October 16, 2011.

Martin, Kimberly. Community and Place: A Study of Four African American Benevolent Societies and their Cemeteries. Master’s Thesis. Clemson University and College of Charleston.

Matthews, Dylan. “Voting Rights Act ruling: Here’s what you need to know.”

Matthews, Janet Snyder. “Booker Earned Degree While Teaching Others.”  Black Educator. Centennial Profile. 1985.

McElroy, Annie M.  But Your World and My World: The Struggle for Survival, A Partial History of Blacks in Sarasota County 1884-1986. Sarasota, FL: Black South Press, 1986.

Miller, Ernest H. Bradenton Florida City Directory. Ashville, Florida-Piedmont Directory Co., 1916.

Miller, Ernest H. Sarasota Florida City Directory. Ashville, Florida-Piedmont Directory Co., 1918.

Miller, Ernest H. Sarasota Florida City Directory. Ashville, Florida-Piedmont Directory Co., 1921.

Miller, Ernest H. Sarasota Florida City Directory. Ashville, The Miller Press, 1923.

“Mob Lynch Negro Last Monday Night.” Manatee River Journal. 7 July 1912, 3.

Montgomery, Rick. “Buck O’Neil: Played key role in establishing the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum.” January 15, 2016.

Multicultural Health Institute.!the-history/a5k7e

Murdock, Zach. “City to seek help redeveloping Marian Anderson Place.”  Herald-Tribune. January 1, 2017.

Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. “Leagues and Teams.”

“New day for Newtown housing.”

Newspaper article, 10/26/1916. Newspaper title unknown. Sarasota County Historical Resources.

Newspaper article, 11/21/1916. Newspaper title unknown. Sarasota County Historical Resources.

Newton, Michael. The Invisible Empire: The Ku Klux Klan in Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001.

Newtown-North Sarasota Redevelopment Project Report. April 2014.

Oldham, Vickie. “Emotional Welcome Home for BHS Class of 1968.” Tempo News. Vol. 28, No. 42 Oct 15-21, 2015.

“Overtown Historic District.” United States Department of the Interior,

National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places, 2002.

Porter, Les. “Newtown Sports Personalities.” Unpublished paper. NCHD volunteer researcher, 2016

Praught, Hailey Erin. A Bare Bones History: Lynching in Manatee County. University Honors Program. University of South Florida, St. Petersburg. August 5, 2009.

Rainone, Donald F. The Role of the Sarasota Visual Performing Arts (VPA) Magnet in Desegregation and Resegregation of Booker Neighborhood Schools.  Diss. University of South Florida. Tampa, FL. 2003.

“Remembering a Newtown that taught character.” February 21, 2011.

“A Religious Portrait of African-Americans.”


Rodriguez, Yolanda. “Home in Path of Progress.” Sarasota Herald-Tribune.  July 18, 1998. Section A1

Russon, Gabrielle. “At modern new Booker campus, a room for history.” June 29, 2013.

Russon, Gabrielle. “Seeing Newtown in a new light.” Herald-Tribune.

Russon, Gabriel. “Remembering a Fallen Soldier.” Herald-Tribune. Monday, October 13, 2014.

Rylee, J. Whitcomb, “History of Overtown, Sarasota, Florida.” 1997.

“Sarasota Audubon Society: Economic Impact.”

“Sarasota County, Florida Soil Survey.” Map; (United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, series 1954 No. 6, issued 1959).

“Sarasota, Florida: Paradise on the Gulf Coast.” The Western & Central Florida Cooperator.  April 2014.

“Sarasota County NAACP.”

60 years ago, blacks desegregated Florida beach” 60-years-ago-blacks-desegregated-fla-beach/? page=all

“Sarasota County Parks, Recreation and Nature Centers.”

“Sarasota, Florida: Paradise on the Gulf Coast.” The Western & Central Florida Cooperator.  April 2014.

“Sarasota Memorial to open clinic in Newtown.” December, 7, 2015.

“Sarasotan students’ school boycott stops neighborhood schools from closing, Florida, United States, 1969.”

Shank, Ann A. “Bee Ridge Turpentine Camp.”

Shank, Ann. “Leagues of Their Own.”

Shea, Jennifer. “Pastor touts power of prayer.” August 30, 2012.

“60 years ago, blacks desegregated Florida beach.”

Smith, Mark D. “The Payne Chapel AME Assembly Church”.

Soaries, Rev. DeForest Jr. “Black churches and the role of empowerment.”

CNN Opinion, Black in America, August 1, 2010 10:56 a.m. EDT


Stevens, Albert C. Cyclopedia of Fraternities. New York: E. B. Treat and Company, 1908.

Sullivan, Paul. “A Lesson in Diplomacy.” Chicago Tribune. March 12, 1995.

Sulzer, Elmer G.  Ghost Railroads of Sarasota County, The Turpentine Track: Manatee to Arcadia. Sarasota County Historical Commission, Sarasota County Historical Society, 1971.

“The Colored Methodist Church of Sarasota.” Sarasota Times. April 21, 1910. Subjectfiles, Sarasota County Historical Resources.

“The Rosenwald Schools: An Impressive Legacy of Black-Jewish Collaboration for Negro Education.”

“The Westcoast School for Human Development.”

“Things You May Not Know.”

Turner, Linda. Collection. Courtesy of the Sarasota County History Center.

“Turpentine Oil.”

508turpentine%20oil.aspx?activeingredientid=508&activeingredientname=turpentine%20oiland; Healing With 100% Pure Turpentine.               

United States Supreme Court; N. A. A. C. P. v. ALABAMA, (1958)    No. 91 Argued:Decided: June 30, 1958.

Western Canada Baseball: “Willie “Curly” Williams.”

“What is a Brownfield?”

White, Norval. The Architecture Book. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1976.

Whittle, Patrick. “Memories of Laurel: Black Community Celebrates its History This Week.” Herald-Tribune. February 20, 2007.

Wilkerson, Isabel. The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration. New York: Vintage Press, 2011.

Williams, John Lee. The Territory of Florida: 1775-1856 or, Sketches of the topography, civil and natural history, of the country, the climate, and the Indian tribes, from the first discovery to the present time, with a map, views, &c. New York, A.T. Goodrich, 1837.

Woodson, Carter G. A Century of Negro Migration. Washington, D.C.: Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1918.

WPA Guide to Florida #27. Federal Writer’s Project. (Sarasota section), 1939.

Ziel, Deborah L. Which Way to the Jook Joint?: Historical Archaeology of a Polk County, Florida Turpentine Camp, MA thesis. Department of Anthropology. University of Central Florida, Orlando, 2013.